Purpose. The primary goal of a token economy is to increase desirable behavior and decrease undesirable behavior. Often token economies are used in institutional settings (such as psychiatric hospitals or correctional facilities) to manage the behavior of individuals who may be aggressive or unpredictable.
What is the purpose of a token economy?
Simply put, a token economy is a system used in behavior modification to provide positive reinforcement to a child. It is designed to teach them what behaviors are desired and which are not. Token economies are used as a method of strengthening a behavior or increasing its frequency.
What theory is token economy?
Token economy is a system in which targeted behaviors are reinforced with tokens (secondary reinforcers) and later exchanged for rewards (primary reinforcers). Tokens can be in the form of fake money, buttons, poker chips, stickers, etc. While the rewards can range anywhere from snacks to privileges or activities.
What are the necessary elements of a token economy?
One effective method of reinforcement is the use of “token economies.” Token economies have three major components: 1) a behavior or behaviors someone needs to exhibit; 2) tokens or points earned for engaging in those behaviors; and 3) exchanging tokens or points for a choice of reinforcing rewards.
What type of reinforcement is token economy?
A token economy is a system that provides positive reinforcement by rewarding desired behaviors. It rewards a target behaviour with a token. The token in itself may not carry any value. Children exchange these tokens for reinforcers such as an activity or item.
Is token economy effective?
Previous research has shown that token economy systems and response cost procedures are effective in reducing disruptive behaviors in classrooms and increasing academic engagement.
How do you condition a token economy?
How to Create a Token Economy System
- Break the day down into smaller chunks of time. …
- Choose up to three behaviors to address at one time. …
- Create an appealing reward menu with a variety of items. …
- Frame the desired behaviors in a positive way. …
- Physically hand a token to your child whenever he earns one.
Is token economy an evidence based practice?
While there have been many different strategies used over the years, a token economy has been found as an effective evidence based strategy in reducing off-task and disruptive behavior.
What is token economy quizlet?
A token economy is a behavioural program in which individuals can earn tokens for a variety of desirable behaviors and can exchange the earned tokens for backup reinforcers. …
Is a token economy an intervention?
The intervention is the token economy system which is a behavior management strategy that consists of the delivery of reinforcers or “tokens” to students that display identified desirable behaviors. The students collect the tokens and later exchange them for items or privileges.